Introduction of carbon element:
Carbon is a chemical element in the periodic table with the symbol C and atomic number 6. Carbon is an abundant non-metallic element, quaternary and has three allotropes. Carbon (Latin for carbo) was discovered in prehistoric times and was familiar to the ancient people who produced it from burning organic matter in low oxygen (charcoal production). Diamond has long been considered a beautiful and rare material. A substance that is considered a derivative of carbon. Fullen, the last known allotropic carbon, was also discovered in the 1980s as a byproduct of molecular beam experiments.
What is coal?
Charcoal is obtained by burning the organs of a plant or animal. Charcoal is a spongy, black substance that can almost be considered pure carbon.
The cause of charcoal from burning or burning wood or animal bones is that they lose their water and gases due to heat, leaving only a solid body.
Applications of charcoal:
Charcoal has many uses in our daily lives. These include creating a flame for cooking and using it in the fireplace, and so on. It is also used to make gas masks. Powdered and hardened graphite is used as charcoal in works of art. Charcoal medicines are used in medicine in the form of tablets or powder to absorb toxins from the gastrointestinal tract. These are examples of the uses of charcoal in our daily lives.
Methods of preparing charcoal:
There are two ways to make charcoal:
Traditional coal: Some wood and firewood are piled on top of each other and burned in the open air. This method has been used in the forests of northern Europe for centuries. But the disadvantage of this method is that the gases emitted from the wood are dispersed in the air and wasted.
Industrial coal: In this method, wood is collected and transported to special kilns by conveyors. In this case, after burning, the oven valve is closed and then the wood is gradually converted to charcoal in a closed space.
To use the exhaust gases in this method, a space is provided that is connected to the furnace through a hole. In this chamber, the gases become useful substances such as wood alcohol, acetic acid and acetone.